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Landscapes of Japan, 04, Steep gradient, downcutting stream.  The Sacred Bridge at Toshogu Shrine, Nikko.

Steep gradient, downcutting stream. The Sacred Bridge at Toshogu Shrine, Nikko

Steep gradient, downcutting stream. The Sacred Bridge at Toshogu Shrine, Nikko. -- As rivers downcut and reduce their gradient, they tend to eliminate rapids and waterfalls. Because of more-or-less constant uplift in Japan, rivers typically have not been able to accomplish this. This river has rapids and falls indicating a steep gradient. There are no flat surfaces adjacent to the stream to indicate that it is shifting laterally. This is a small, fast-flowing, actively downcutting, short river typical of most of the rivers of Japan.
 
Editorial assistant: Joseph Augustin. Collection librarian: Amy Bryant. Please send any questions, comments, or content corrections to Michael Thiedeman, Professor of Art, Earlham College, Richmond, IN 47374 USA. email address: thiedmi@earlham.edu -- For specific reference to the images in the Landscapes of Japan set, you are invited to contacted Dr. Charles Martin, Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Geology, Earlham College, email address: martich@earlham.edu